The formal relationship between South Africa and the Central African Republic commenced with a summit in Pretoria in April 2006. This culminated in the signing of a Framework Co-operation Agreement by President Thabo Mbeki and President Francois Bozize. The engagement, and the parallel commercial dealings by companies like UraMin, are described in chapters 6 & 7 of the book.
The SA Department of Defence appeared to be the only government department willing to engage with the CAR. The terms of this agreement were fairly benign. But there was another mission to provide close protection for Bozize. This was considered controversial, as outlined in chapter 8 of the book.
The full "protection force" comprising soldiers from 5 SA Special Forces Regiment and 1 Parachute Battalion were already in the CAR by the time President Zuma informed parliament. It appears this was done to avoid any parliamentary oversight for the unilateral deployment of the troops to a country over 3 000 kilometres from the Republic, with no imminent danger to her sovereignty. This is outlined in chapters 14, 15 &16 of the book.
The legal basis for sending troops to the CAR in January 2013 appeared to be the renewal of the original defence agreement that was signed in February 2007. But this agreement had lapsed in 2012. Also curious was that additional terms were slipped into the renewal that materially departed from the original agreement. The events surrounding the agreement are described in chapter 14, but the precise legal standing of the deployment was the subject of a legal opinion by two advocates. Their findings are included in chapter 30.
Gade Oil and Gas, a company whose directors included Salim Essa, Ben Ngubane and Iqbal Sharma, wasted no time in attempting to secure an oil block in the north of the country in the aftermath of the battle. This agreement details the quantum and timing of payments for various parties involved in the transaction.